Ecor Systems, LLC
Weaving Basics

    I get frequent requests to help people who have purchased Toika weaving looms. While all CM looms work on the same principle of balance, the Toika is prepared a little differently from the Glimakra, about which there is a lot written. If you follow the basic guidelines written here, you should achieve a large, clean shed and weave trouble free on your Toika CM loom.

    Before beginning any adjustment to the loom, place the locking pins in their proper position. (PHOTO A - Toika Jacks, in Gallery section (Toika Looms) of this website). The only exception to this will be when first installing the jacks, which must be done before locking pins can be inserted. Make certain the jacks are installed properly in the loom castle.

    Once this step is complete, attach the "V" cords to the jacks. My Toika loom is 59" wide and my "V" cords are 21" long from end to end. They are attached with an anchor peg from the Texsolv system. The anchor peg is applied to the upper side of the jack and the Texslov cord looped over the peg and inserted through the hole from top to bottom. The Texsolv cord then travels from the bottom of the opposing jack to the top and is secured to another anchor peg. See PHOTO B, V-cords in their proper position, in the GALLERY section (Toika Looms) of this website. The bottom of the "V" is approx. 6 inches above the top of the shafts.

    The lamms should remain parallel to the floor during all tying operations, PHOTO C - Lamms tied Parallel in the GALLERY section (Toika Looms) of this website. Be certain to keep lamms in a parallel position while attaching these cords.

    With the lamms properly attached to the jacks, "V" cords in place and locking pins in position, a warp can be prepared and beamed. The shafts should be hung so the warp thread can pass from back beam to breast beam perfectly parallel to the floor. Each warp thread should pass through the center of the heddle eye when the shafts are in resting position. If this is not the case, adjust the height at which the shafts are hanging until it is so.

    With warp beamed and threaded, the treadles can be tied. Remember on a CM loom, each shaft must be tied to each treadle. All shafts either rise or sink with every treadling. (There are exceptions to this rule when the loom is being used as a jack or reverse jack loom). Move the treadles to the highest position by removing the metal rod that holds them in place and securing it, with treadles attached, in the uppermost position at the rear of the loom. Begin tying the treadles by tying the rearmost shafts first, proceeding to the front most shafts last. Tie all cords so they are taut and so all treadles remain parallel to the floor when tied. I find it easy to cut a length of Texsolv cord for every hole of every treadle. Each cord is cut long enough to reach to 3" above the upper lamms so all cords will reach in any tie-up. By inserting an arrow peg below the hole in the treadle and threading the cord through the hole, one can install permanent treadle ties and not have to fuss with moving ties about when tying up the loom. Install a second arrow peg on the top of the treadle to keep the cord in place until used. When it comes time to tie that cord, remove the arrow peg and use it to install above the lamm to which it is being tied.

    When tie-up is complete, move the treadles to either of the two lowest positions. This will allow the rear shafts to travel further and open into a clean, weavable shed. The treadles will now tilt slightly towards the floor at the front of the loom.

    When tied up properly, the Toika is a joy to both prepare and weave upon. If you have questions or problems preparing you Toika loom, please feel free to email me at [email protected]

    I have NO affiliation with Toika or WEBS of America. I independently help people with their Toika products because I love the looms.